You may think you know how to make the best health choices when it comes to diet and exercise, but research shows you might be doing yourself a disservice.
A new report from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research shows that people who eat lots of food, exercise and get enough sleep are more likely to get heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
The study also found that people with the highest levels of heart disease were also more likely than those with the lowest levels to develop certain types of diabetes.
For instance, people with high levels of diabetes who ate more than 300 calories a day were also 15 per cent more likely by the time they were 65 to have heart disease.
They also had a 20 per cent higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people with low levels of obesity and a 20% higher risk than people who were overweight.
“We know from our previous studies that there is a connection between diabetes and cardiovascular disease, so the key is to stay healthy and get the right amount of exercise and food,” said Dr. Robert Lustig, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Toronto and lead author of the study.
“The key is, if you’re overweight, stay overweight, and then you can control your risk for heart disease,” he said.
In addition to heart disease risk, the study found that eating too much processed food, drinking too much coffee, smoking, drinking alcohol and eating a lot of sugar are also linked to diabetes and stroke.
The authors say that it’s important to be aware of these risk factors, particularly if you have diabetes.
“A lot of the research we’re seeing now is focused on the effect of a certain type of diet, particularly a high-carbohydrate, high-fat, low-protein diet, which has been shown to have an effect on diabetes risk, but what about the effect on cardiovascular risk?”
“If you have a high insulin level, you may have a higher risk for diabetes and even stroke.”
Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide.
It’s a leading cause of death for those ages 50 and older, and the average person with diabetes will die at least twice as often as a person without the disease.
A recent study found obesity has the highest risk of death.
Obesity can cause diabetes, but it also raises the risk of other conditions including heart disease that can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
People who have a heart disease have a 50 per cent increased risk of dying prematurely from cardiovascular disease.
“In this country, we’ve got the highest mortality rates of any industrialized country,” Lustig told CBC News.
“People are dying in our hospitals at three times the rate of people in other countries.”
Lustig and his colleagues compared the risk for death from all causes of cancer and heart disease in the US and Canada between 2010 and 2014.
The researchers found that the death rates of people with type 2 and 3 diabetes were twice as high in the United States as in Canada, while people with hypertension were four times as likely to die prematurely.
They found that diabetes and hypertension were more common in people who smoked, drank alcohol and ate a lot less than the average Canadian.
“What this shows is that people in Canada are more prone to diabetes than other countries,” LustIG said.
People with heart disease are more than twice as likely as people without heart disease to develop heart disease when they were in their early 50s and early 60s, the researchers found.
They said people who had diabetes were also about three times as much likely to develop stroke than people without the condition.
“I think the fact that people are being more vulnerable to these diseases in the middle of their life, and that they are also less likely to be treated and to live longer than people in the other countries, makes this a really important issue,” Lustigs said.
The findings from the study, which is published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, suggest that obesity is linked to a higher incidence of type 2,3 and type 4 diabetes.
But the researchers say more research is needed to understand how much of that is due to genetics and how much is due the environment.
Lustig is calling for more studies that focus on diet and the impact of exercise on heart health and diabetes risk.
“One thing we’re really trying to figure out is how much exercise does increase your risk of heart and stroke,” Lustige said.
He said the best way to control your cardiovascular risk is to eat a healthy diet and get regular exercise.
“This is not a question of how much you exercise.
We know from past research that exercise is good for heart health,” Lustigen said.
With files from CBC News, The Associated Press and CTV Edmonton